We have about 200,000 tons/year of dross residue produced after the collection of aluminum from the dross generated during the aluminum remelting process. 130,000 tons of the dross residue is used as a steel deoxidant or a cement material, and the remaining 70,000 tons is abolished and buried in the ground at authorized places. The dross residue is increasing along with the increase in the aluminum production. This situation will grow more serious with a large amount of aluminum window sashes which have been mass-produced since 60's and will return before long as scraps. Our effort is being directed to the development of technologies which enable the dross residue to be recycled and reused for some purposes such as road aggregates, refractories and others, in such a way as to comply with the social requirement which gives priority to the recycling industry, as well as to the environmental preservation.